Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil.

# Manfred Bischoff

Institutsleiter

Institut für Baustatik und Baudynamik

## Kontakt

+49 711 685-66123

+49 711 685-66130

E-Mail

Pfaffenwaldring 7

70550
Stuttgart

Deutschland

Raum: 1.004

### Lebenslauf

**1988**-**1993**: Studium des Bauingenieurwesens an der Universität Stuttgart**1993**: Diplom (Dipl.-Ing.)**1993**-**1999**: Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Baustatik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. E. Ramm, Universität Stuttgart**1999**: Promotion (Dr.-Ing.)**11/1999**-**10/2000**:Gastwissenschaftler an der University of California, Berkeley**11/2000**-**03/2001**: Postdoc am Institut für Baustatik, Universität Stuttgart**04/2001**-**03/2006**: Akademischer Rat/Oberrat und stellvertretender Lehrstuhlleiter am Lehrstuhl für Statik, Technische Universität München, Prof. Dr.-Ing. K.-U. Bletzinger**03/2005**: Habilitation, venia legendi für "Statik"- Seit
**04/2006**: Professor, Leiter des Instituts für Baustatik und Baudynamik der Universität Stuttgart - Seit
**2006**: Mitglied des Anerkennungsausschusses für Prüfingenieure für Bautechnik des Landes Baden-Württemberg **2008**-**2012**: Mitglied des Vorstands der GACM**2013**-**2017**: Mitglied des General Council der IACM- Seit
**2014**: Vorstandsmitglied im Sonderforschungsbereich "Biological Design and Integrative Structures" (SFB-TRR 141) - Seit
**2016**: Mitglied des Fachkollegiums Architektur und Bauwesen der DFG, FK-410 - Seit
**2017**: Vorstandsmitglied im Sonderforschungsbereich "Adaptive Hüllen und Strukturen für die gebaute Umwelt von morgen" (SFB 1244)

### Forschung

- Computerorientierte, nichtlineare Strukturmechanik
- Schalentheorie, Finite-Elemente-Modellierung von Schalen
- Finite-Elemente-Technologie, isogeometrische finite Elemente
- Nichtlineare Stabilitätsanalyse, Pfadverfolgung
- Strukturoptimierung
- Mehrfeld- und Mehrskalenprobleme
- Kontaktprobleme
- Biomimetik
- Adaptive Tragwerke

### Preise

**2000**: EUROMECH European Young Scientist Award**2008**: IACM Award for Young Scientists**2012**: Fellow Award der IACM**2015**: Highly Commended Paper Award, Engineering Computations, Emerald Literati Network (zusammen mit A. Sorg)**2017**: Publikationspreis der Universität Stuttgart, Fakultät Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften (zusammen mit B. Oesterle und E. Ramm)

### Veröffentlichungen

- A. Körner, L. Born, A. Mader, R. Sachse, S. Saffarian, A. S. Westermeier, S. Poppinga, M. Bischoff, G. T. Gresser, M. Milwich, T. Speck and J. Knippers.
**Flectofold - a biomimetic compliant shading device for complex free form facades.**Smart Materials and Structures, 27. 2018. DOI: 10.1088/1361-665X/aa9c2f - Simon Bieber, Bastian Oesterle, Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**A variational method to avoid locking – independent of the discretization scheme.**International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 114. 2018. DOI: 10.1002/nme.5766 - Anne-Kathrin Schäuble, Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff.
**Time step estimates for explicit dynamics with reciprocal mass matrices.**Computers & Structures, 202. 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2018.03.005 - Tobias B. Grun, Malte von Scheven, Manfred Bischoff and James H. Nebelsick.
**Structural stress response of segmented natural shells: a numerical case study on the clypeasteroid echinoid Echinocyamus pusillus.**Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 15. 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0164 - Anna S. Westermeier, Renate Sachse, Simon Poppinga, Philipp Vögele, Lubomir Adamec, Thomas Speck, Manfred Bischoff.
**How the carnivorous waterwheel plant (Aldrovanda vesiculosa) snaps.**Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285. 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.0012 - Stefanie Weidner, Christian Kelleter, Paula Sternberg, Walter Haase, Florian Geiger, Timon Burghardt, Clemens Honold, Julia Wagner, Michael Böhm, Manfred Bischoff, Oliver Sawodny, Hansgeorg Binz.
**The implementation of adaptive elements into an experimental high-rise building.**Steel Construction, 11. 2018. DOI: 10.1002/stco.201810019 - Julia Laura Wagner, Jan Gade, Michael Heidingsfeld, Florian Geiger, Malte von Scheven, Michael Böhm, Manfred Bischoff and Oliver Sawodny.
**On steady-state disturbance compensability for actuator placement in adaptive structures.**at – Automatisierungstechnik, 66. 2018. DOI: 10.1515/auto-2017-0099 - Benjamin Fröhlich, Jan Gade, Florian Geiger, Manfred Bischoff, Peter Eberhard.
**Geometric element parameterization and parametric model order reduction in finite element based shape optimization.**Computational Mechanics. 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s00466-018-1626-1 - Martina E. Matzen, Manfred Bischoff.
**A weighted point-based formulation for isogeometric contact.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 308. 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2016.04.010 - Christoph Wilking and Manfred Bischoff.
**Alternative integration algorithms for three-dimensional mortar contact.**Computational Mechanics, 59. 2017. DOI: 10.1007/s00466-016-1345-4 - Bastian Oesterle, Renate Sachse, Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**Hierarchic isogeometric large rotation shell elements including linearized transverse shear parametrization.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 321. 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2017.03.031 - Anne-Kathrin Schäuble, Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff.
**Variationally consistent inertia templates for B-spline- and NURBS-based FEM: Inertia scaling and customization.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 326. 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2017.08.035 - Ján Kopacka, Anton Tkachuk, Dušan Gabriel, Radek Kolman, Manfred Bischoff, Jirí Plešek.
**On stability and reflection-transmission analysis of the bipenalty method in contact-impact problems: A one-dimensional, homogeneous case study.**International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 113. 2017. DOI: 10.1002/nme.5712 - Bastian Oesterle, Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**A shear deformable, rotation-free isogeometric shell formulation.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 307. 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2016.04.015 - Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff.
**Direct and sparse construction of consistent inverse mass matrices: general variational formulation and application to selective mass scaling.**International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 101. 2015. DOI: 10.1002/nme.4805 - Nikolay Asmolovskiy, Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff.
**Numerical approaches to stability analysis of cylindrical composite shells based on load imperfections.**Engineering Computations, 32. 2015. DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2013-0246 - M. Bischoff.
**Computerstatik und Tragwerksmodellierung – Vorschläge und Impulse für eine moderne universitäre Baustatiklehre.**Der Prüfingenieur, 46. 2015. - M. Bischoff.
**Ein Jahrhundert Baustatik in Wissenschaft und Praxis.**Bauingenieur, 90. 2015. - Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff .
**Local and global strategies for optimal selective mass scaling.**Computational Mechanics, 53. 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s00466-013-0961-5 - Annika Sorg, Manfred Bischoff.
**Adaptive discrete-continuous modeling of evolving discontinuities.**Engineering Computations, 31. 2014. DOI: 10.1108/EC-03-2013-0072 - R. Echter, B. Oesterle, M. Bischoff.
**A hierarchic family of isogeometric shell finite elements.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 254. 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2012.10.018 - Anton Tkachuk, Barbara Wohlmuth and Manfred Bischoff.
**Hybrid-mixed discretization of elasto-dynamic contact problems using consistent singular mass matrices.**International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 94. 2013. DOI: 10.1002/nme.4457 - Martina E. Matzen, Thomas Cichosz, Manfred Bischoff.
**A Point to Segment Contact Formulation for Isogeometric, NURBS Based Finite Elements.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 255. 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2012.11.011 - Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff .
**Variational methods for selective mass scaling.**Computational Mechanics, 52. 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s00466-013-0832-0 - M. Bischoff.
**Computerstatik. Von der Kunst der Berechnung zur Kunst der Modellbildung.**Bautechnik (Sonderheft: 90 Jahre Bautechnikgeschichte), 90. 2013. - Thomas Cichosz, Manfred Bischoff.
**Consistent treatment of boundaries with mortar contact formulations using dual Lagrange multipliers.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200. 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2010.11.004 - M. Bischoff.
**Nicht auf Knopfdruck. Computerstatik am Gesamtmodell: Gedanken über Modellierung, Berechnung und Kontrolle.**Deutsches Ingenieurblatt, 18. 2011. - Ralph Echter, Manfred Bischoff.
**Numerical efficiency, locking and unlocking of NURBS finite elements.**Comp. Meth. Appl. Mech. Eng., 199. 2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2009.02.035 - Manfred Bischoff, Ignacio Romero.
**A generalization of the method of incompatible modes.**International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 69. 2007. DOI: 10.1002/nme.1830 - Ignacio Romero, Manfred Bischoff.
**Incompatible Bubbles: A non-conforming finite element formulation for linear elasticity.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 196. 2007. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2006.09.010 - F. Koschnick, Manfred Bischoff, N. Camprubí, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**The discrete strain gap method and membrane locking.**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194. 2005. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2004.07.040 - Natalia Camprubí, Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**Shape optimization of shells and locking.**Computers and Structures, 82. 2004. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2004.04.017 - Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**Improving stability and accuracy of Reissner-Mindlin plate finite elements via algebraic subgrid scale stabilization..**Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 193. 2004. DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2003.12.036 - J. Löblein, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Theorie und FE-Formulierung eines hierarchischen Schalenmodells..**ZAMM - Z. Angew. Math. Mech.. 2001. DOI: 10.1002/1617-7061(200203)1:1<448::AID-PAMM448>3.0.CO;2-S - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**On the physical significance of higher order kinematic and static variables in a three-dimensional shell formulation..**Int. J. Solids & Structures, 37. 2000. DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7683(99)00321-2 - Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**A Unified Approach for Shear-Locking-Free Triangular and Rectangular Shell Finite Elements.**Computers & Structures, 75. 2000. DOI: 10.1016/S0045-7949(99)00140-6 - Wolfgang A. Wall, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**A deformation dependent stabilization technique, exemplified by EAS-elements at large strains.**Comp. Meth. Appl. Mech. Eng., 188. 2000. DOI: 10.1016/S0045-7825(99)00365-5 - Daniel P. Mok, Wolfgang A. Wall, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Algorithmic aspects of deformation dependent loads in nonlinear static finite element analysis.**Engineering Computations, 16. 1999. DOI: 10.1108/02644409910277951 - P. Farber, Matthias Hörmann, Manfred Bischoff, H. Kronmüller.
**Magnetostrictive bending of an anisotropic free crystal substrate: Analytical and numerical solutions.**Journal of Applied Physics, 85. 1999. DOI: 10.1063/1.370593 - D.P. Mok, W.-A. Wall, M. Bischoff, E. Ramm.
**On algorithmic aspects of deformation dependent loads in nonlinear finite element analysis..**Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik (ZAMM), 79. 1999. - Ekkehard Ramm, Albrecht Burmeister, Manfred Bischoff, Kurt Maute.
**Schalentragwerke..**Spektrum der Wissenschaft, Dossier Software.. 1999. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm, Dietrich Braess.
**A Class of Equivalent Enhanced Assumed Strain and Hybrid Stress Finite Elements.**Comp. Mech., 22. 1998. DOI: 10.1007/s004660050378 - A. Rössle, Manfred Bischoff, W. Wendland, Ekkehard Ramm.
**On the Mathematical Foundation of the (1,1,2)-Plate Model.**Int. J. of Solids & Structures, 36. 1998. DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7683(98)00071-7 - Ekkehard Ramm, Albrecht Burmeister, Manfred Bischoff, Kurt Maute.
**Finite Elemente - Schalentragwerke..**Spektrum der Wissenschaft, 3. 1997. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Shear Deformable Shell Elements for Large Strains and Rotations.**Int.J.Num.Meth. in Eng., 40. 1997. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0207(19971215)40:23<4427::AID-NME268>3.0.CO;2-9 - Markus Braun, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Nonlinear Shell Formulation for Complete Three-Dimensional Constitutive Laws Including Composites and Laminates..**Computational Mechanics, 15. 1994. DOI: 10.1007/BF00350285

- D. Gabriel, A. Tkachuk, J. Kopačka, R. Kolman, M. Mračko, M. Bischoff and J. Plešek.
**Estimation of stability limit based on Gershgorin’s theorem for explicit contact-impact analy-sis Signorini problem using bipenalty approach.**In: Proc. 6th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dy-namics and Earthquake Engineering, M. Papadrakakis and M. Fragiadakakis (eds.), Rhodes Island, Greece, June 15-17. 2017. DOI: 10.7712/120117.5494.18027 - Larissa Born, Axel Körner, Gundula Schieber, Anna S. Westermeier, Simon Poppinga, Renate Sachse, Paavo Bergmann, Oliver Betz, Manfred Bischoff, Thomas Speck, Jan Knippers, M. Milwich and Götz T. Gresser.
**Fiber-reinforced plastics with locally adapted stiffness for bio-inspired hingeless, deployable architectural systems.**Proceedings of the 21th Symposium on Composites, Bremen, Germany. 2017. - Bastian Oesterle, Renate Sachse, Simon Bieber, Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**Isogeometric analysis with hierarchic shell elements – intrinsically free from locking by alternative parametrizations.**Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2017. Annette Bögle, Manfred Grohmann (eds.) "Interfaces: architecture.engineering.science". 25-28th September, 2017, Hamburg, Germany. 2017. - Manfred Bischoff, Renate Sachse, Axel Körner, Anna Westermeier, Larissa Born, Simon Poppinga, Götz Gresser, Thomas Speck, Jan Knippers.
**Modeling and analysis of the trapping mechanism of**Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2017. Annette Bögle, Manfred Grohmann (eds.) "Interfaces: architecture.engineering.science". 25-28th September, 2017, Hamburg, Germany, 2017. 2017.*Aldrovanda vesiculosa*as biomimetic inspiration for façade elements. - R. Kolman, J. Kopačka, A. Tkachuk, D. Gabriel, J. González and M. Bischoff.
**A robust explicit finite element algorithm with bipenalty stabilization for contact-impact problems.**In: Proceedings of the 7th GACM Colloquium on Computational Mechanics for Young Sci-entists from Academia and Industry, M. von Scheven, M.-A. Keip and N. Karajan (eds.), Stuttgart, Germany, October 11-13. 2017. DOI: 10.18419/opus-9334 - A. Tkachuk, Martina E. Matzen, R. Kolman and M. Bischoff.
**Singular mass matrices for isogeometric finite element analysis of dynamic contact.**In: Proceedings of the 7th GACM Colloquium on Computational Mechanics for Young Sci-entists from Academia and Industry, M. von Scheven, M.-A. Keip and N. Karajan (eds.), Stuttgart, Germany, October 11-13. 2017. DOI: 10.18419/opus-9334 - Tobias B. Grun, Malte von Scheven, Manfred Bischoff and James H. Nebelsick.
**Clypeaster under Pressure: Strengthening Structures and Virtual Modulations of an Echinoids Test.**In: Proc of the GSA Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, USA. 2017. DOI: 10.1130/abs/2017AM-293682 - A. Westermeier, S. Poppinga, A. Körner, L. Born, R. Sachse, S. Saffarian, J. Knippers, M. Bischoff, G. Gresser, T. Speck.
**Keine Gelenkbeschwerden – Wie Pflanzen sich bewegen und die Technik inspirieren.**In: J. Knippers, U. Schmid & T. Speck (eds.), Baubionik – Biologie beflügelt Architektur, 30 – 39. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie C, Band 82, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart. 2017. - Bastian Oesterle, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Hierarchic isogeometric analyses of beams and shells.**In: M. Kleiber, T. Burczynski, K. Wilde, J. Gorski, K. Winkelmann, L. Smakosz (Eds.) "Advances in Mechanics: Theoretical, Computational and Interdisciplinary Issues". Proceedings of the 3rd Polish Congress of Mechanics (PCM) & 21st International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics (CMM), Gdansk, Poland, 8-11 September 2015. 2016. - A.-K. Schäuble, A. Tkachuk, M. Bischoff.
**Variationelle Methoden zur Massenskalierung für eine effizientere explizite Zeitintegration in der Dynamik.**In: K.-U. Bletzinger, N. Gebbeken, R. Fisch (eds.): Berichte der Fachtagung Baustatik - Baupraxis 12.. 2014. - A. Tkachuk and M. Bischoff.
**Applications of variationally consistent selective mass scaling in explicit dynamics.**In: Proc. 4th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dy-namics and Earthquake Engineering, M. Papadrakakis, V. Papadopoulos and V. Plevris (eds.), Kos Island, Greece, 12–14 June. 2013. - Martina E. Matzen, T. Cichosz and M. Bischoff.
**Point to Segment Contact Formulation for isogeometric NURBS FEM.**In: Proc. YIC 2012, First ECCOMAS Young Investigators Conference, A. Andrade-Campos, N. Lopes, R.A.F. Valente and H. Varum (eds.), 24–27 April 2012, Aveiro, Portugal. 2012. - Anton Tkachuk, Manfred Bischoff.
**Buckling under Contact Constraints as a Source of Scatter in Car Crash Simulations.**II International Conference on Computational Contact Mechanics 15-17 June 2011, Hannover, Germany. 2011. - Benjamin Schneider, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Modeling of material failure by the discrete element method.**PAMM, Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Special Issue: 81st Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM), Karlsruhe 2010. Editor: Prof. Christian Wieners, Volume 10, Issue 1. 2010. - Thomas Cichosz, Manfred Bischoff, Stefan Hartmann, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Non-linear dynamic contact of thin-walled structures.**Proc. in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics 8. 2008. - Malte von Scheven, S.R. Tiyyagura, Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**Efficiency Issues of Partitioned Solution in Fluid-Structure Interaction.**Extended Abstract in Proc. of International Conf. on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, Santa Eulalia, Ibiza, Spain, Mai 21-23. 2007. - Stefan Hartmann, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**On the Performance of 3D Elements for Shell Analysis with Non-Linear Softening Plasticity Models.**Proc. of VIII Conference on Computational Plasticity (Complas 2005), September 5-7, Barcelona, Spain. 2005. - Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Alexander Düster, S. Kizio, J. Neumann, Ernst Rank, Ekkehard Ramm, Karl Schweizerhof.
**Comparision of different FE shell formulations applied on numerical examples with adaptively generated FE meshes..**In: K.-J. Bathe (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd MIT Conference on Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, Elsevier Science. 2003. - Natalia Camprubí, Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**On the significance of locking on shape optimization of shells..**In: K.-J. Bathe (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd MIT Conference on Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, Elsevier Science. 2003. - F. Koschnick, Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**Membrane locking and the DSG method..**In: H.A. Mang et al. (eds.) Proceedings of WCCM V, Vienna. 2002. - Manfred Bischoff, Francisco Armero.
**Stabilized finite element methods for the analysis of heat transfer in shells..**In: Z. Wasczyczyn, J. Pamin (eds.) Proceedings of ECCM II, Cracow, Poland. 2001. - Manfred Bischoff, Rober L. Taylor.
**A three-dimensional shell element with an exact thin limit..**In: Z. Wasczyczyn, J. Pamin (eds.) Proceedings of ECCM II, Cracow, Poland. 2001. - Manfred Bischoff, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger.
**Stabilized DSG plate and shell elements..**In: W.A. Wall et al. (eds.) Trends in Computational Structural Mechanics, CIMNE, Barcelona. 2001. - Wolfgang A. Wall, Michael Gee, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Tuning of a 3D shell model in nonlinear statics and dynamics.**In: Extended Abstracts of the 20th International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Chicago, USA. 2000. - Manfred Bischoff, Wolfgang A. Wall, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Stabilized enhanced assumed strain elements for large strain analysis without artificial kinematic modes.**Proc. European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM), Munich, Germany, 31 August - 3 September. 1999. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Solid-like shell or shell-like solid formulation? A personal view.**Proc. European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM), Munich, Germany, 31 August - 3 September. 1999. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Three-dimensional Shell Formulation and Elements for large Deformations.**Proc. of IUTAM/IACM Symposium on Discretisation Methods in Structural Mechanics II, H. Mang, F. Rammerstorfer (eds), Vienna, 2-6 June 1997. 1998. - Wolfgang A. Wall, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Stabilization techniques for fluid and structural finite elements.**Proceedings of fourth WCCM, E. Oñate, S.R. Idelsohn (eds.), Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 29 - July 2, 1998, CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain. 1998. - Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**A unified approach for shear-locking-free triangular and rectangular shell elements.**Proceedings of fourth WCCM, E. Oñate, S.R. Idelsohn (eds.), Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 29 - July 2, 1998, CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain. 1998. - D.P. Mok, W.A. Wall, M. Bischoff, E. Ramm.
**Load stiffness matrices for follower loads in nonlinear FE analysis.**Proc. GAMM 98 Annual Meeting, A. Fischer, D. Hinrichsen, H.J. Rath, M. Wanschura (eds.), GAMM Conf. 1998, 6-9. April, Bremen, Germany. ZAMM Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 79 (S2). 1998. - Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Manfred Bischoff.
**A unified formulation of shear-locking-free triangular and rectangular shell finite elements..**In: B.H.V. Topping (ed.) Proceedings of the IV. International Conference of Computational Structures Technology, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1998. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Reliable Three-Dimensional Shell Elements for Arbitrarily Large Deformations.**Proceedings of NAFEMS World Congress '97 on Design, Simulation & Optimisation, Reliability & Applicability of Computational Methods, NAFEMS (ed), printed by Bell&Bain Ltd Glasgow, Stuttgart, Germany, 9-11 April. 1997. - A. Rössle, Manfred Bischoff, W. Wendland, Ekkehard Ramm.
**On the Mathematical Foundation of the (1,1,2)-Plate Model..**Bericht 97/47 des SFB 404 'Mehrfeldprobleme der Kontinuumsmechanik'. 1997. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Three-dimensional shell formulation and elements for large deformations..**In: Aspects in Modern Computational Analysis, Festschrift für Prof. Krätzig, K. Meskouris, U. Wittek (eds), Balkema. 1997. - Ekkehard Ramm, Manfred Bischoff.
**Static and dynamic analyses of shells for large strains and rotations..**In: Y.B. Yang (ed.) Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Computation of Shells and Spatial Structures (ICCSS), Taipeh, Taiwan, and

K. Meskouris (ed.) Aspects in Modern Computational Structural Analysis, Festschrift für Professor Krätzig, Balkema. 1997. - Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Three-dimensional shell formulation and elements for large deformations.**In: H.A. Mang, F.G. Rammerstorfer (eds.) Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium in Dicretization Methods in Structural Mechanics II, Vienna, Austria. 1997. - Ekkehard Ramm, Markus Braun, Manfred Bischoff.
**Higher Order Nonlinear Shell Formulations-Theory and Application..**In: Spatial Structures: Heritage, Present and Future, Proceedings of the IASS International Symposium, June 5-9 1995, Milano, Italia. 1995. - Markus Braun, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Nonlinear three-dimensional Analysis of Composite and Laminated Plate and Shell Structures..**In: Hughes, T.J.R., Oñate, E., Zienkiewicz, O.C. (ed) Recent Developments in Finite Element Analysis, CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain. 1994. - Markus Braun, Manfred Bischoff, Ekkehard Ramm.
**Higher Order Nonlinear Shell Formulations- A Step Back into Three Dimensions..**In: Bell, K. (ed) From Finite Elements to the Troll Platform, Department of Structural Engineering, The Norwegian Institute of Technology,Trondheim, Norway. 1994.

- M. Bischoff, E. Ramm, J. Irslinger.
**Models and Finite Elements for Thin-Walled Structures.**In: Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics. Second Edition, E. Stein, R. de Borst, T.J.R. Hughes (eds.). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2018. DOI: 10.1002/9781119176817.ecm2026 - M. Bischoff.
**Nachrechnen oder Nachdenken? Baustatische Methoden als intellektuelles Werkzeug.**In: Stahlbau, Holzbau und Verbundbau. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ulrike Kuhlmann, Ernst & Sohn. 2017. - Christoph Wilking, Manfred Bischoff and Ekkehard Ramm.
**Improved Contact Stress Recovery for Mortar-Based Contact Formulations.**In: Oñate E., Peric D., de Souza Neto E., Chiumenti M. (eds) Advances in Computational Plasticity. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences, vol 46. Springer. 2017. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60885-3_19 - T.B. Grun, M. von Scheven, F. Geiger, T. Schwinn, D. Sonntag, M. Bischoff, A. Menges, J.H. Nebelsick.
**Bauprinzipien und Strukturdesign von Seeigeln - Vorbilder für bioinspirierte Konstruktionen.**In: J. Knippers, U. Schmid & T. Speck (eds.), Baubionik – Biologie beflügelt Architektur, 30 – 39. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie C, Band 82, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart. 2017. - Simon Poppinga, Axel Körner, Renate Sachse, Larissa Born, Anna Westermeier, Linnea Hesse, Jan Knippers, Manfred Bischoff, Götz T. Gresser, Thomas Speck.
**Compliant Mechanisms in Plants and Architecture.**In: Jan Knippers, Klaus G. Nickel, Thomas Speck (Eds.). Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction. Volume 8 of the series Biologically-Inspired Systems. Springer. 2016. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46374-2_9 - Tobias B. Grun, Layla Koohi Fayegh Dehkordi, Tobias Schwinn, Daniel Sonntag, Malte von Scheven, Manfred Bischoff, Jan Knippers, Achim Menges, James H. Nebelsick.
**The Skeleton of the Sand Dollar as a Biological Role Model for Segmented Shells in Building Construction: A Research Review.**In: Jan Knippers, Klaus G. Nickel, Thomas Speck (Eds.). Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction. Volume 8 of the series Biologically-Inspired Systems. Springer. 2016. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46374-2_11 - Debdas Paul, Layla Koohi Fayegh Dehkordi, Malte von Scheven, Manfred Bischoff, Nicole Radde.
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